amir yousefi
Diploma 17

Climate resilient Settlement: Alluvial Village 

The possibility settlements in extreme climatic conditions
As the climate of the world is rapidly changing, foreseen massive
population migration will take place, properly about 50 years, more than 200 million people will be
displaced, Rural exodus because of climate change will soon over populate cities, and limited sources , Is there a way to re urbanise rural areas, and reclaim the land for the indignoues population willing to return back to their land? On the other hand from an architecture point of view The issue of Global warming and climate
change has enabled continuous advanced research in technologies
in producing and increasing numbers of smarter or even
Intelligent Buildings designs, to harvest energy and creation or
energy renewable systems therefore city life becomes develops a
conscious about limited energy supply resources and renewable
energy. Now with the technology available to harvest energy through intelligent passive and dynamic strategies,
would the design approaches go ‘back to basics’ and maintain the
traditional old passive strategies that are still in use- or would they
serve as a catalyst and invent a cross breed of vernacular intelligence with new technologies?
In order to create a self-sufficient autonomies climate resilient
settlemetns, I tend to invent a cross breed of vernacular intelligence

By looking at vernacular geometries such as wind catchers (Badgirs), refrigerators, (Yakhchal), Qanats, and Adobe Systems, the Apparatus combines all these attributes into a self-cooling desert dwelling. As water is captured by fog collectors and transported to the water tanks of the dwelling, the laws of stack effect pulls wind into the Apparatus by the geometry.A very large family that consists of grandparents, parents and 5 children giving a total of 10 persons living in a radius of 9m, equivalent to 254m2 square meter living space with a water supply for 6 months and naturally cooling system that keeps interior temperature cool and consistent.From Left to Right:
Hamam, Mosque, Caravansarei, School/Workshop, Bazaar, Camel Stable, BakeryInterior view of the Mosque Type. The interaction with water becomes a part of everyday life.During the later stages of construction, as mud plastering begins, the rectangular form of the
Adobe brick will be transformed into curving lines form of the adobe brick will be transformed into curving lines that defy a straight linear perspective. The plain adobe brick will be covered by a mud plaster as richly textured as the landscape.
Though natural adobe walls require regular maintenance, the work becomes a kind of ritual that connects the owner to the cycle of the seasons.
The first rough plaster, while still wet, must be scored with a rake of a special grooved trowel.
the scoring allows the final smooth coat of plaster to adhere to the wall.

The hierarchy is established by the program priorities on water supply. The branching system abstracts the important and layout of the Settlement based on a prior centralizationPatterns of the linear order almost always follow the path of water; its flow determines the streets of the village. The physical centre of this settlement pattern becomes The water itself. An elongated ribbon of settlement usually formed along a route way such as a road or canal. Linear villages may reflect the pattern of land tenure. In this case the pattern is superimposed onto the irrigation networks, In points of connection creates potential for village centres and gathering points, a potential for public squares and buildings.The whole process of phasing in concluded in three phases:
1- Condensing: Fog catchers are deployed on top of the hill to be able to absorb the maximum amount of dew to condense into water
2- Water System: Under water canal has a slope gradient for gravity to send the captured water to the village main water tanks.
3- Distribution: The first holding water tanks are to preserve and control the amount of water distributed to the village.